Developing modes of reflection for inclusive classrooms
Supported by the workshop „teacher professionalization“ within the project ProFaLe, which is part of the „teacher education quality campaign“ funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
Embedded into the project teaching laboratory for teacher professionalization (L3Prof)
Duration: 09/2017 - 08/2018
Teacher training students apply their own observation methods during their integrated school internship (ISP). This shall help them to develop an explorative approach to classrooms that include pupils with migration background and to reflect their attitude as teachers.
To this end, the students devise criteria for observation in a deductive, theory-based way at the preparation seminar of two ISPs. These criteria shall capture specific aspects, success conditions and conflict situations of inclusive classrooms. They are first tested using case vignettes and then implemented during the internship. This implementation is reflected in groups of two with the help of a tutor that accompanies them and comes once to sit in during the internship. At the end, the gained insights are reflected in a follow-up seminar. The observation criteria are assessed as to their yield.
Based on the findings from those structured observations, the project focuses on the students' case-oriented experience of conflicts. Using the method of case reflection in seven steps, the experienced case vignettes are worked on cooperatively. This process is also supervised.
In these courses, the students obtain
- knowledge on theory-based reflection,
- knowledge of a technique to reflect one's own tuition self-directedly, and
- knowledge of a method to transfer this reflection in a solution-oriented way.
The courses are evaluated both quantitatively and qualitatively. For the quantitative study, we developed a questionnaire to capture professional motivation, reflection of one's role, and sensitization for classroom situations that include pupils with migration background. The qualitative investigation analyses group interviews and written reflections on cases.